top of page

Autism, or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a neurodevelopmental condition that manifests in a range of challenges related to social interaction, communication, and behaviour. Autism is a lifelong condition, and its impact can vary widely from person to person.  It is characterised by a spectrum, meaning that individuals with autism may display a wide variety of strengths and difficulties. Here are some common difficulties associated with autism:


Social Interaction Challenges:

  • Difficulty in understanding social cues and non-verbal communication.

  • Challenges in forming and maintaining relationships.

  • Limited interest in or understanding of peer relationships.

Communication Difficulties:

  • Delayed language development in some individuals.

  • Difficulty in initiating or sustaining conversations.

  • Literal interpretation of language, leading to challenges in understanding metaphors or sarcasm.


Repetitive Behaviours:

  • Engagement in repetitive movements or activities, such as hand-flapping, rocking, or spinning objects.

  • Resistance to changes in routines or environments.

Sensory Sensitivities:

  • Heightened sensitivities or aversions to sensory stimuli, such as lights, sounds, textures, or smells.

  • Over- or under-reactivity to sensory input

Difficulty with Transitions:

  • Challenges in transitioning from one activity or environment to another.

  • A need for predictability and routine.

Special Interests:

  • Intense focus on specific topics or activities, often to the exclusion of other interests.

  • Difficulty in shifting attention away from preferred topics.

Executive Functioning Challenges:

  • Difficulty with organization, planning, and time management.

  • Challenges in initiating and completing tasks independently.

Emotional Regulation:

  • Difficulty in recognizing and regulating emotions.

  • Heightened anxiety or difficulty coping with stress.

Motor Coordination Challenges:

  • Some individuals may experience difficulties with motor coordination or fine and gross motor skills.


Difficulty Understanding Social Norms:

  • Limited understanding of societal norms and expectations in social situations.


It's crucial to recognise that individuals with autism also possess strengths and unique abilities. While challenges can impact daily life, many individuals with autism thrive when provided with appropriate support, understanding, and accommodations. Early intervention, tailored therapies, and a supportive environment can contribute significantly to the well-being and development of individuals with autism.

An autism assessment is a thorough and systematic process designed to understand an individual's unique strengths and challenges related to autism spectrum disorders. The assessment aims to provide clarity and valuable insights into various aspects of an individual's behaviour, communication, and social interaction.

Here is an overview of what an autism assessment might entail:

Comprehensive Interviews:

In-depth discussions with individuals and their families to gather information about developmental history, social interactions, communication patterns, and behavioural characteristics.

Behavioural Observations:

Systematic observations of the individual in different settings to understand how they navigate social situations, handle sensory stimuli, and engage in repetitive behaviours.

Standardised Assessments:

The use of standardised tools and questionnaires to assess specific aspects of behaviour, communication, and social skills. These tools provide quantifiable data for a more objective evaluation.

Rainbow Psychological Services Ltd use reliable and standardised  assessments for autism diagnosis to be able to make a diagnosis. There are several reputable autism assessment tools and structures commonly used for adults. The best assessment depends on individual needs, the level of support required, and the specific focus of the evaluation. Dr Rainbow uses a series of screening questionnaires and gathers information about you now and when you were developing and she is also trained to conduct the following:-


  • Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS-2): The ADOS-2, is a structured assessment that gets to the core of understanding how individuals interact socially, communicate, engage, and imaginative use of materials. The ADOS-2 has been shown in research studies to be accurate and dependable and defining individuals who might meet the diagnostic criteria for autism.


  • Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R): The ADI-R is a comprehensive interview conducted with a knowledgeable informant (e.g., a family member or caregiver) to gather information about an individual’s early development and current behaviour related to autism symptoms.


The choice of assessment may depend on the individual’s specific characteristics and needs.


Collaboration with Professionals:

Collaboration with a multidisciplinary team of professionals, such as psychologists, psychiatrists, and speech and language therapists, to gain a comprehensive understanding of the individual's strengths and challenges.

Feedback and Discussion:

A detailed feedback session where assessment findings are shared with the individual and their family if they wish. This discussion aims to provide insights, answer questions, and discuss potential pathways for support and development.


Benefits of Autism Assessment: I offer hear the words 'what's in a label, why get a diagnosis'?

Personalized Support:

Tailored recommendations and strategies based on the individual's unique profile, promoting personalized and effective support.

Clarity and Understanding:

Provides a clear understanding of an individual's strengths and challenges, fostering self-awareness and enhancing communication within families and support networks.

Access to Resources:

Helps individuals and families connect with relevant resources, services, and communities that can provide ongoing support.

Navigating Life Transitions:

Assessments are particularly beneficial during key life transitions, such as starting school, entering the workforce, or transitioning to adulthood, providing guidance for these significant milestones.


Do The NHS Accept Private Autism Assessments?

The NHS in the UK generally accepts private autism assessments as long as they are carried out in line with the National Institute of Care and Excellence (NICE) guidance and the private adult autism assessment must adhere to the same requirements and standards for diagnosing set out by the NHS.

I am committed to conducting thorough autism assessments in a supportive and compassionate environment. My goal is to empower individuals and families with the knowledge and resources needed to navigate the unique journey of autism. My comprehensive assessments follow the guidelines set forth by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), ensuring a thorough and evidence-based evaluation which includes.

  1. The use of a multidisciplinary Team: Conducted by a team of qualified professionals with expertise in adult autism.

  2. Standardised Tools: Utilise evidence-based and standardised assessment tools for a thorough evaluation which I am trained in.

  3. Developmental and Social History: Consider your developmental history and behaviour across various social contexts.

  4. Collaborative Approach: Involve you, your family, and relevant professionals to provide a comprehensive understanding.

  5. Compassionate Environment: I am dedicated to creating a supportive and understanding environment where you feel comfortable discussing your experiences.

  6. Personalised Approach: Recognising the uniqueness of each individual, my assessments are tailored to address your specific needs and goals.

Please be wary of practitioners who do NOT offer a full screening and assessment process and do not used MDT or supervision to validate your assessment as this might mean your diagnosis is not accepted elsewhere.


After a diagnosis, I can offer ASD coaching to look at adaptations for work or strategies to help with daily living that might be impacted by your ASD.  These sessions are charged at my normal hourly rate.  I am also able to offer ASD training for businesses to help you understand employees and how to adapt the workplace for better productivity and all round wellbeing.

bottom of page